On Friday and Saturday at MAMUN during crisis simulations, delegates represent their assigned countries as special negotiators in an evolving international crisis. Unlike regular committee sessions, delegates are empowered to recommend that their home government use economic, diplomatic, and military resources to resolve the crisis.
Crisis simulations continue over five sessions. Each session lasts two hours. At the end of each two-hour session, the delegates are updated on the status of the crisis. The next group of delegates begins the next session where the last group left off. A summary of the final update is read to the last group and will be made available following the close of session.
Delegates are encouraged to creatively think about how their country would actually respond to the crisis, cooperate with regional allies, build coalitions, and develop group consensus on a multilateral response. Delegate actions ultimately decide the fate of the scenario.
Crisis topics are revealed to delegates upon the beginning of each crisis session and are based on current issues facing the international community, including crises related to health, terrorism, cybersecurity, economic disasters, diplomatic standoffs, interstate conflict, civil wars, and more.
MAMUN 2017 Final Crisis Updates
A: Venezuelan Passport Fraud Endangers Global Security
The rioters in Caracas have stormed The Palacio de Miraflores (the house of the president) with many casualties. President Maduro had been captured by the rioters while trying to escape. His status of health is unknown, but outcomes are bleak. Vice President Tareck El Aissami has been spotted in the Venezuelan Embassy in Baghdad, the initial sight of the passport catastrophe. The economic state of Venezuela has drastically declined. Due to the lack of oil exports, the economy is unable to stabilize. Western nations are detaining all Venezuelan passport holders at the border in order to conduct extensive background checks, and verify the validity of their citizenship. A Venezuelan passport holder entered the United Kingdom and detonated a suicide bomb in the heart of London that killed 25 people. ISIS has claimed responsibility of the attack. The international community fears that thousands of fake passports could possibly be in circulation, and in the hands of Radical Islamic Terrorists. The United States, United Kingdom, and Canada have offered economic aid to help rebuild the Venezuelan economy. They have also have offered military aid if the rioting does not subside. The United Nation’s Office of Internal Oversight Service is currently investigating all Venezuelan Embassies.The international community has strengthened their security , but there is still hope for peace and stability in Venezuela.
B: Conflict in the South China Sea Challenge Global Powers
After discovering the initial identities of the attackers, several South Asian nations including Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore encouraged the United States to increase its presence in the South China sea region. Following these requests, the US deployed several carriers to join the USS Carl Vinson and Carrier Airwing 2 already present in the sea. After conducting continued enhanced interrogation techniques, more information on the true identities of attackers was acquired by the CIA. These sailors were found to have direct connections to the Chinese government itself.
Many in the international community are perplexed as to why the People’s Republic of China would attack their own citizens, but US intelligence suggests the country’s nefarious activities may have been to destabilize the region to discourage Southeast Asian nations from traversing the waters around the South China Sea and breakdown established shipping routes used by other nations with claims to the Spratly Islands. US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson reiterated the comments of the American intelligence community. “China attacked their own citizens to scare international ships from using international waters.” said Tillerson. “They used terrorism to hurt the economies of sovereign nations because those same nations claim control over shoals and reefs where the only inhabitants are seagulls.”
China so far has not confirmed or denied the US intelligence reports.
A final round of peace talks took place in Wellington, New Zealand. The United States, Indonesia, Malaysia, Viet Nam, New Zealand, and Philippines met to discuss the escalated violence in the South China Sea. Upon inviting China to attend the Wellington Summit, the Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Yi declined involvement in the third round of talks. “China believes nothing new can come from this summit beyond what has happened in the previous two meetings,” said Yi. Participating nations reiterated the importance of the presence of the US Seventh Carrier fleet to protect international shipping routes and prevent any other potential attacks.
Since the US intelligence reveal of Chinese Nationals as the perpetrators of the violence in the South China Sea, as well as the conclusion of the final round of Peace talks, no more shipping vessels have reported any attacks. The US still remains a strong presence in the region, even sending the Army Corps of Engineers to help Malaysia make a new island in the disputed region. “China can’t ignore us now!” tweeted President Donald Trump.
C: Euroskeptic Forces Bring Continent to the Brink
Because of the diligence of German and Italian intelligence the dirty bomb in Poland was able to be found and quickly defused with no casualties. Unfortunately, the other two bombs were not able to be recovered in time, with one detonating in Berlin at the apartment of Chancellor Merkel and another exploding in the water reservoir used by a large refugee camp in France. The blast in Germany claimed the lives of 6 people; however, the Chancellor was away at the time. The explosion in the water had no direct casualties; however, the radiation in the water has rendered the entire reservoir unusable, creating a dire humanitarian risk to those who live there. Hundreds of Germans and many refugees appear to be suffering from radiation poisoning.
The nationalist group EUROPE NOW came forward to claim responsibility for the attacks on Jean Claude-Juncker as well as the Kazakh nuclear plot. A video went live from Joanna Malinowski, the leader of the group, stating that “The old, failed system of multiculturalism and forced integration is dying. We will raise a new Europe from the ashes of the old.” While the group is broadly European from many nations, all share the same goal of eventually ending the EU and supporting nationalistic policies in their respective countries.
While the majority of Europeans do not condone violence, the recent attacks and security issues have made many citizens sympathetic to their goals. In the following days Geert Wilders and the Party for Freedom win a resounding victory in the Dutch Parliamentary elections, while many leaders are aghast at the thought of a Wilders government, US President Donald Trump tweets out “CONGRATULATIONS TO THE NETHERLANDS FOR TAKING THEIR COUNTRY BACK.” One of the first moves by the Wilders government is to call for a popular referendum on the membership of the Netherlands in the European Union. Controversially, he has decided to move the Dutch away from traditional paper ballots to electronic voting machines.
Other leaders are feeling the heat as well as other far right wing parties allied with Geert Wilders have made vast gains in the polls recently, with German chancellor Merkel likely to be voted out of office after doubling down on open borders and migrant protections.
Populism in Europe has reached its apex, and the combination of the migrant question and the perceived threat of open borders after the EUROPE NOW attacks has made the future of the European Union uncertain as many nations are moving towards EU exit referenda similar to the NEXIT and BREXIT votes.
D: Dam Failure throws Troubled Region into Turmoil
After the Mosul Dam suffered its system failure at the hands of the Islamic State, the immense flood destroyed several cities in Iraq including Mosul, Baghdad, and Basrah. This killed hundreds of thousands and displaced even more. After passing through the city of Kirkuk, the flowing water became severely contaminated with oil. With failed attempts to halt the poisonous water with various levees, the oil-ridden water rapidly approached the river’s delta, threatening to pollute the ecosystem.
Booms and Skimmers were put in place in the Persian Gulf in order to limit the environmental damage as the Tigris and Euphrates brought oil-contaminated water into the sea. These proved effective at limiting the extent of the damaged area, but the ecosystems within the basin and the northern part of the Gulf were severely damaged, having significant economic effects.
The refugee crisis caused by this event displaced close to 5 million citizens, both from Iraq and Kuwait. As citizens in Iraq fled away from the river’s path, many were pinned between the Zagros mountains and the raging Tigris River. Kuwaiti citizens began fleeing into Saudi Arabia, while Iraqi citizens were taken on various naval ships to northern Somalia and eastern Oman. For those still in northern Iraq, drought conditions created a severe humanitarian crisis. Armed convoys from various Middle Eastern nations proved to be effective in relieving suffering and preventing ISIS from attacking civilians.
These low living standards coupled with a heightened rhetorical campaign allowed the Islamic State an opportunity to begin spreading the message of the caliphate through northern Iraq. As Iraqi citizens began to lose faith in their own government to protect them, an expansion of radical ideas spread throughout the region and the Islamic State succeeded in further legitimizing their caliphate within Iraq. They were able to lay the blame of the Mosul Dam flood, and its effects, to the Iraqi government rather than themselves.
The Islamic State has proven their persistent agility as a terrorist group and also took the Aswan Dam in Egypt hostage. They demanded that the Middle Eastern countries begin to openly buy their oil, and gave them a 2 hour window to come to the table for negotiations before causing another flood in Egypt. Countries including Kuwait, Sudan, Iraq, and Turkey agreed to engage in negotiations to delay the Islamic State. However, during these negotiations Iran and Egypt began to evacuate at risk refugees.