A. Protection of global climate for present and future generations of humankind (19d)
Global climate change has already begun to impact nations around the globe. With extreme weather devastating cities, it has become a high priority of the UN to implement policies that will protect the global climate. Because this topic is so broad, delegates are encouraged to debate the topics regarding climate protection that are most most relevant to their nation. While the committee will be focusing on agricultural development and sustainable mountain developments in its other topics, protection of the global climate allows delegates to focus on a number of other policies to prevent further damage to the climate.
B. Agriculture development, food security and nutrition (24)
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development listed “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture” as its second goal to be achieved by 2030. Hunger, obesity, and malnutrition as a whole have impacts on every nation in some form and are not mutually exclusive. If no action is taken to improve food security, it is estimated that one in two people will be malnourished by 2030. This bleak figure can be prevented by substantive changes implemented, and this committee will need to focus on how to initiate environmentally conscious policies that improve agriculture development sustainably. Delegates should discuss how to reduce waste produced by agribusiness, how to increase access to toxin-free food, and ways to create environmentally sustainable agricultural jobs. It may be easy to focus on the humanitarian impacts of this topic, so it will be vital for this committee to put a strong emphasis on the impact of their policies on the landscape and ecosystems.
C. Sustainable mountain development (19l)
Mountain development is an often overlooked topic, but is one that has an immense ecological impact on local communities and the entire global climate. Mountains provide numerous key resources including water, minerals, forest products, and agricultural products. Of all natural resources, mountains are the most susceptible to imbalances in the atmosphere as a result of their high altitudes. A change in the ecosystem of one region of the mountain can have disastrous effects from its peak to its valley. It is estimated that approximately half of the world’s population is impacted in some way by mountains, with 10% of the world directly depending on mountain resources. Delegates debating this topic will need to consider how to improve coordinated research to better understand the changes occurring in mountain ranges, and how to use this data to initiate effective change. The committee will also need to look at appropriate mining strategies, watershed development, and how to prevent the environmental degradation from mountain tourism. It may also be helpful to consider the direct impact this has on indigenous communities, and how sustainable mountain development can reduce poverty among these populations.