A. Possible challenges to space security and sustainability (50b)
All international law governing conduct in space is based on five treaties signed in the late 1960s and 70s. In the decades since these treaties were signed, the landscape of spaceflight and space science has changed considerably, with new nations developing space programs and the rise of private spaceflight as an industry. The increasing number of spaceflight-capable groups has contributed to a massive expansion of debris in orbit and has made space more accessible to unstable states and non-state actors. The international community must work to minimize the risk that unstable non-state actors gain access to space and spaceflight capabilities. The committee should also work to resolve the issue of the space debris and the dangers it poses not only to spacecraft but also to satellites and terrestrial actors. Other potential areas of interest may include addressing the gaps in the legal framework governing space and spaceflight since the signature of the 1979 Moon Treaty.
B. Information and communications technologies for sustainable development and security (16, 95, 99, 109)
In an increasingly interconnected world, information and communications technology is becoming more important than ever in the effort to promote growth and development. While these technologies have the power to connect billions of people and provide opportunities for empowerment and entrepreneurship, they also come with a dark side. Communications technology is used more and more often by criminals to commit complex crimes against people across the globe. The reliance on these technologies is also exploited by some nations to damage the security and well-being of their geopolitical rivals. The committee should consider the ways in which information and communications technologies can be used to foster growth and empower the world’s least developed nations, and work to promote the spread of these technologies to those regions. At the same time, delegates must consider the potential for harm from these technologies, and address the opportunities they provide to criminals, hostile nations, and terrorist groups. The committee should balance these interests and attempt to help foster the spread and development of these technologies while addressing how the technologies might be used by criminals and law enforcement. Similarly, delegates should consider the opportunity for abuse by rogue states and terrorist groups, as well as what the global community can do to mitigate that risk.
C. Global health and foreign policy (129)
Global health disparities are one of the most dramatic ways in which the developing world lags behind those most-developed nations. The reality of health and well-being in the developing world is starkly different from the heavily-industrialized nations in the global north: nations in Western Europe have an infant mortality rate of 3 deaths per thousand live births and an average life expectancy at birth of 79 years for men and 84 years for women. By contrast, nations other than China in Asia have an average infant mortality rate of 31 and a life expectancy at birth of 69 years for men and 73 years for women. The differences are even more stark in Africa with an infant mortality rate of 50 and life expectancy of 61 years for men and 64 for women. The United Nations has pledged itself to combat these sorts of global health inequities through a variety of initiatives both at the state level, helping countries develop better public health initiatives, and at the international level by sponsoring aid programs and health-distribution projects throughout the global south. Work from the United Nations should continue to address these disparities, trying to find programs and initiatives to close the gap between the developed and the developing world in all health metrics.