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Position Papers

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Position papers must be submitted no later than February 22, 2019 at 5:00 pm EST.

Position Papers are required from each delegate in order to be eligible for an award. The Best Prepared School Award will be significantly influenced by the quality and content of the submitted Position Papers.

Please use the following form to submit your position paper. Some important items to keep in mind:

Position Papers are only accepted by online submission. Check the Deadlines page to make certain your work is submitted on time.

You must submit one form for each topic in your committee.

Please limit the content to three paragraphs or less. (maximum of 500 words). Content exceeding 500 words will not be considered.

Please make sure the information is correct before submitting.

The name you enter on this form will be used for your credentials at MAMUN.

If you make a mistake, resubmit the form with the correct information and click the “Oops, I made a mistake on the last one” option.

Make absolutely sure that you select only one topic per submission.


6 Comments

  1. Urvi Chakraborty says:

    Women make up 54% of the overall population in Ukraine. They enjoy equal constitutional rights in economic, political, and social cultural fields. Yet they receive lower salaries and have limited options career wise.Most of the 45% that face violence (physical, sexual, mental) are women. Homeless women are the most vulnerable: 40% are violated, and 25% of these women are under the age of 18. This is partly due to Ukraine’s turbulent history with Soviet Russia. Feminism was considered Bourgeois and Anti-Soviet; therefore, civil society and even the idea of feminism was unfortunately nonexistent until 1991 when Ukraine finally gained freedom from Russia. However, almost immediately after, many feminist groups were created, some of which are; Feminist Ofenzyva, Ukrainian Women’s Union, and FEMEN. 60% of women have higher education, though most are unfortunately unemployed, 80% of the unemployed are women. Though Labour Laws establish legal equality between men and women it is not always put into practice. Industries dominated by women workers are usually paid the lowest relative wages. In business, women usually earn 30% less than men. On a happier note Ukraine has joined many important international commitments to improve gender equality. We adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), joined the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action (BPfA) of the 4th World Conference for Women, we ratified key human rights treaties including The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW, 1980). Ukraine also signed an agreement in 2014, the Ukraine-EU Association Agreement, which ensured that both men and women would be given equal opportunities for employment, education, training, the economy, the society, and decision-making. There is also a new State Social Programme on Equal Rights and Opportunities of Women and Men for the period up to 2021. So yes, though we have started later, we are committed to making Ukraine a country of equality where women can be full, productive members of our society. We also urge other countries to continue to help women reach their full potential.

    “Gender Equality.” Представництво ООН в Україні, un.org.ua/en/resident-coordinator-system/gender-equality.

    “The Government of Ukraine and UN Women Stepping up Partnership for Advancement of Gender Equality in Ukraine.” UN Women | Europe and Central Asia, eca.unwomen.org/en/news/stories/2018/07/the-government-of-ukraine-and-un-women-stepping-up-partnership-for-advancement-of-gender-equality.

  2. Charlotte Mayer says:

    Charlotte Mayer
    ECOSOC- Environmental Comittee
    Protection of global climate for present and future generations of humankind (21d)
    Global climate change is one of the biggest challenges the modern world faces. Increased CO2 emission produced by industry has created a greenhouse effect in the Earth’s atmosphere, trapping heat inside and raising average global temperatures. Scientists have high confidence that global temperatures will continue to rise for decades to come, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which includes more than 1,300 scientists from the United States and other countries, forecasts a temperature rise of 2.5 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit over the next century. According to the IPCC, the extent of climate change effects on individual regions will vary over time and with the ability of different societal and environmental systems to mitigate or adapt to change. The IPCC predicts that increases in global mean temperature of less than 1.8 to 5.4 degrees Fahrenheit ( above 1990 levels will produce beneficial impacts in some regions and harmful ones in others. Net annual costs will increase over time as global temperatures increase. “Taken as a whole,” the IPCC states, “the range of published evidence indicates that the net damage costs of climate change are likely to be significant and to increase over time.”
    France’s environmental policy is aimed chiefly at cutting greenhouse gas emissions but also at dealing with local air and water pollution, waste management and the conservation of biodiversity. The laws that followed the Grenelle de l’environnement encompass policy measures in energy generation, manufacturing, transport, waste management, construction, and agriculture to encourage a transition towards a low-carbon economy. The government is committed to a reduction objective of 75% to be achieved by 2050. Whereas considerable progress has been made to “green” the economy, an important challenge that remains is to internalize global and local externalities in all sectors of the economy so as to increase the cost-effectiveness of environmental policies. French policies have also started supporting the growth and development of environmentally-friendly businesses, which includes the country’s support for both the research and development of clean technology. The proportion of environmental training is also contributing to a fast integration of environmental issues into the economy. Since 2004, the amount of environment-related jobs has jumped by 36%. In 2012, nearly 45,000 environment-related jobs existed in France, most of which were within the sectors of water, waste management, and renewable energy. Additionally, the amount of students taking environment-related courses has also continued to increase, according to the EAA.
    The French government promotes environmentally friendly policies within the UN and will pursue far-reaching policies, but will exercise new caution due to the recent riots and protests sparked by an environmental tax on gas.

  3. Charlotte Mayer says:

    Charlotte Mayer
    ECOSOC- Environmental Comittee
    Ottawa Hills High School

    Over the past fifty years, human activity has taken a significant toll on the state of our oceans. The oceans are vital to the wellbeing of human life on Earth. Despite this, just 4 percent of the world’s oceans are now entirely undamaged by human activity. Forty-one percent of the oceans are seriously damaged. Over 90 million tons of fish are taken from the sea every year, at this unsustainable rate many types of fish will soon be fished to exhaustion. More than 8 million tons of plastic end up in the ocean each year, this plastic waste kills up to 1 million seabirds, 100,000 sea mammals and countless fish. Oceans have absorbed about 93% of the combined extra heat produced by human activities, which has caused melted ice in polar regions between 1971 and 2010 leading to an accelerated sea level rise increase. When the sea level increases, many coastal communities face erosion and floods among other effects. This absorption is having a significant effect on the chemistry of seawater, which is becoming more acidic with dire consequences for the marine ecosystems.
    Coral reefs are some of the most affected areas with disease, coral bleaching, acidification, and ocean warming have all taken their toll. Over half of the world’s live coral has been lost since the 1950s. Coastal shallows, wetlands, and estuaries are all vulnerable too. A slight rise in sea levels or a small change in the quality of the water can have a huge impact on marine life in these delicately balanced ecosystems which have already suffered losses. The potential costs associated with coastal damage due to sea level rise could be as high as $111.6 billion by 2050. Marine phytoplankton produces 50% of oxygen on Earth, fisheries and aquaculture contribute $100 billion per year and about 260 million jobs to the global economy, shipping is responsible for more than 90% of trade between countries, and the global oceans-based economy is estimated at USD 3 trillion a year. The United Nations Environment Programme, particularly through its Regional Seas Programme, acts to protect oceans and seas and promote the environmentally sound use of marine resources. The Regional Seas Conventions and Action Plans is the world’s only legal framework for protecting the oceans and seas at the regional level. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), through its Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, coordinates programmes in marine research, observation systems, hazard mitigation, and better managing ocean and coastal areas.
    France has pursued a relatively progressive environmental policy in the past but with recent events, they are unlikely to push for any regulations that place their global economy at risk. France has 180 cubic kilometers of renewable water resources with 73% used for industrial purposes and 12% used for farming. In 2001, 13.5% of France’s total land area was protected including 15 Wetlands of International Importance. France is committed to the preservation of coral reefs, reducing water pollution by solid waste, and reducing global warming.

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