All resolutions are submitted during committee sessions. Directions for submitting resolutions will be explained during the conference.
You can see a sample resolution here. Please note that when entering resolutions into our system, you do not number the individual lines. Number the operative clauses only.
Do not submit anything that is not entirely your own writing. This includes resolutions from previous conferences or parts or all of real United Nations resolutions or documents. All of the work you submit must be your own. Failure to comply may result in disqualification in award eligibility.
General Approach to Resolutions
Resolutions are proposals submitted by delegates that attempt to address the issues before the United Nations. They can take a general approach to an entire issue or can propose specific actions that address parts of a problem. A resolution should present a particular solution to a problem and the rationale for why that solution is the correct one for the United Nations to adopt as its policy.
In order to write a resolution, delegates must decide what their particular country’s position on a topic item is, and what actions the United Nations should take to correct the problem in accordance with that position. Developing a resolution requires delegates to draw upon their knowledge of the issue and their country in order to formulate a policy that is both realistic and creative, which is then communicated through the resolution. Attempting to simply redo what has already been done on an issue is not productive, nor is attempting to put forward “solutions” without a base in reality or that are inconsistent with national policies.
Once the “solution” has been formulated, the rest is relatively easy. Use the guidelines listed below and the sample resolution following this article to put a resolution in the proper format.
Resolution Format for MAGEC Conferences
1. There are three parts to a resolution: a subject, preambulatory clauses, and operative clauses.
- The subject establishes which UN body is taking the action.
- The preambulatory clauses lay out the history of the issue and the reasons why certain actions should be taken. Use facts and cite pertinent documents to make sure that the actions later suggested will be plausible.
- The operative clauses describe what actions should be taken. Remember that the actions proposed must be constructive and in keeping with the role of the United Nations. Operative clauses should be substantive and attempt to correct the problem, not merely to acknowledge the problem’s existence.
2. A properly formatted resolution consists of only one sentence. The subject and preamble are separated by a comma, the preambulatory clauses are separated by “, and”, and the operative clauses are separated by semicolons. A period follows the last operative clause.
3. Preamblatory clauses cannot define any action to be taken by the subject. All calls for action must take place in the operative clauses, which are numbered for easy reference.
4. When typing your resolution, please follow the format as defined by the sample resolution online and contained in the delegate handbook. Notice how the first word(s) of each preambulatory paragraph is capitalized and how all operative paragraphs are indented and numbered.
Prior to the opening of MAMUN in March, delegates will submit draft resolutions to MAMUN’s staff. During committee meetings Wednesday, Thursday and Friday morning, the five GA Committees and three ECOSOC Committees will debate all resolutions submitted by the appropriate deadline. These resolutions will serve as a basis for debate. As in the real UN, no resolutions will be admitted – or written – after the deadline. (In other words, no resolutions will be written in committee. Submitted resolutions may be modified by amendments, however.) Resolutions to the Security Council and Emergency Sessions will be accepted throughout MAMUN as these bodies have open agendas.
Amendments at MAMUN
During debate, delegates may propose changes to resolutions which are already on the floor. These changes are designated “amendments.” Amendments may add content, remove content, or change the existing content of a resolution. Also, amendments may modify preambulatory or operative clauses and one amendment may make any number of changes at once. All amendments are treated the same regardless of committee support (No “friendly” or “unfriendly” amendments).
Amendments should not be used to change incorrect spelling or grammar. Such changes may be made at the discretion of the chair. Additionally, amendments may not change another amendment that is already on the floor.
- Write the name of the country(ies) submitting the amendment (writers of amendment)
- Write the co-sponsors of the amendment (supporters of the amendment) Note: There is no minimum number of co-sponsors.
- Specify which resolution the amendment intends to change (e.g., I-B-3). If the amendment is brought to the floor, the chairperson will assign the amendment a name (e.g., I-B-3-A).
- Specify what the amendment intends to do to the resolution’s language:
- STRIKE – Removes words or clauses
- ADD – Adds words or clauses
- CHANGE – Alters words within a clause
- After specifying the action, lay out the proposed change(s). For example:
- “STRIKES Operative Clause 4”
- “ADDS Operative Clause: ‘URGES Members States…'”
- When adding operative clauses, which are numbered, the assignment of numbers will be completed by conference staff. Operative clauses will be added to the end of the resolution unless otherwise specified in an amendment.
- Once written, amendments must be submitted to and reviewed by the chairperson prior to being brought to the floor. One-third of the body must be in favor of bringing the amendment to the floor.
Note: The amendment process at CASC and MAHSC varies slightly from MAMUN procedure.